These city-states were very different. Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Ancient Greece is known as the birthplace of Western civilization. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. Sparta has citizens first, then neighbors second, and helots at the bottom. Greeks made many significant contributions its heritage to the world. I did ancient history ages ago and loved it. Aristotle is a prominent figure in Ancient Greece’s history. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Athens vs. Sparta. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. “The myths continued to be popular through the centuries, and major public buildings such as the Parthenon at Athens, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, and the Temple to Apollo at Delphi were decorated with larger-than-life sculpture representing celebrated scenes from mythology.” (Greek mythology) The architecture of Athens often revolved around pleasing the gods, and because of the fact Parthenon is still standing today, it is still a major architectural influence for modern government buildings. The first civilization of ancient Greece was on the land of Crete. Geography and Demography Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. Athens and Sparta, located between the Aegean and the Ionian Sea, allied with each other in the Greco-Persian war. They were governed differently too, Athens was ruled under the democratic system, it was actually the first ever city to do so and the democratic governance is still followed all over the globe. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. The Parthenon in Athens is great example of Ancient Greece's Doric style, while the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the Romans Corinthian style. (See Pericles' Funeral Oration showing 5. 2. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. B. Sparta preferred a culture that was free while Athens Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. Sparta's government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. I mean when these building would have been designed the architect whether in 1700 or 1900 would have seen the ability of Doric and Ionic styles to last the test of time. The difference is that Athenians were more trained in arts and sciences and could pursue any career they wanted. Sparta and Athens share some great similarities in their government structure, the biggest one being that all the respective free citizens possessed similar rights, but there are also striking differences, with Athens being culture-oriented while Sparta imprinted on a military lifestyle. Women in Sparta unlike Athens had more rights and had some education to take care of the property and taxes while their husbands were training. Ethens became a great empire and Sparta tried to check its progress. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”. Sparta was, of necessity, a militaristic power. Athens Sparta If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all despite their differences. Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. During the Fifth century, Greece was controlled by two main powers; Athens and Sparta. As we know that the Greek architecture had developed firstly, so it must had influenced the Roman architecture, and that’s what had happened, even though they were affected exceptionally by the Greeks, however they looked for a separate distinguished personality. The word Sparta means simple and economical. The Athenians on the other hand were surrounded by peaceful like peoples and art and culture became the focus rather than war. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. Democratic values for citizens. Athens fostered creativity and intellectual work among its residents while Sparta expected all men in their ranks to become soldiers. One important note is that Greek architecture came into being prior to Roman civilization, meaning that the Romans were inspired by the Greeks. 6. How and why did the values of Athenians differ from that of the Spartans?Ancient Greece provided the rudiments of Western civilisation; it has had a colossal influence on language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, science, and arts. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. Contextualize How did the core values differ between Athens and Sparta? Sparta was an oligarchy and a monarchy. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. But there were also many differences among the two cultures. We call this form of government a direct democracy.” (Government in Athens) Due to the fact that their government allowed their people to have a voice, and this affected their culture by making them more involved. Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. The Peloponnesian War was fought mainly between Athens and Sparta. Athens had a form of democratic government. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E. Not only do these two cities have many differences but they also have some things in common too. Athens was known for education, fitness, art, literature, and wealth. At the top were the Eupatrids, wealthy men who lived in the towns, their extensive lands worked by hired labour and slaves. “All citizens in Athens could participate directly in the government. Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. Although they differ in the jobs are pretty much the same. A. the role of the city's assembly B. the city's economic basis C. the city's overall military strength D. the exclusion of women from politics . Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. He was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates. Their system of government is also a great achievement because of the fact that Athenian government system is still in use today. Greece because of its cultural and economic superiority and the city of well – known. However, rarely did the two sides fight each other alone. Sparta (bolstered by money from Persia) lays siege to Athens, who surrenders; In 404 B.C., Sparta dissolved the Delian League and pulled down Athenian walls; Consequence of Peloponnesian War was shattering of Hellenic society; Deterioration of Greek political life via conflict between … Brand (n.d), Ancient Greece is composed of 700 poleis or city state where A historian could easily tell you that, but your everyday person would struggle at telling a more detailed response about the differences between the two.. Athens traded for wealth while Sparta took it by force. which ultimately led to their decline. Athens was part of the Delian League, an alliance of ancient Greek-city states led and funded mainly by Athens that eventually morphed into the Athenian Empire, and Sparta was a member of the Peloponnesian League. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome Athens' government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. Athenians believed in their cultural superiority and in their role in an empire and benefiting from trade. Second, the reason would have to be power. However, contrast to Ancient Athenians, a modern society should always make efforts to protect the freedom, equality and legal rights of its every member. If suspicion of Persia was behind the deposition of the tyrants, Sparta was inconsistent in carrying out its anti-Persian policy; it did not help Croesus in his final showdown with Persia, nor did it help anti-Persian elements on Samos, nor did it do much in the years immediately before the great Greek-Persian collision of 480–479 called the Persian War (it sent no help to the general rising of Ionia against Persia in 499 nor to Athens … In which area did Sparta differ most from Athens? Many civilizations were successful at one point, but other civilizations did not have as much success. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Social studies. Athenians were noted architects and builders while Spartans were famous soldiers. Sparta had an oligarchy form and had a classic military or autocratic rule. A few years ago we as a company were searching for various terms and wanted to know the differences between them. A. We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. They also had overseers/rulers who surved one year terms. In 500-323 B.C. Much success was because of the size of the army and in addition the power one civilization had. As a start, the building types are many as the private houses, baths, as well as temples and theatres and these are our points; Firstly in temples, Greeks’ structures were invented to be the home of gods called Parthenon having an obsolete religion. In Athens, as in Sparta, we have initial three economic and social classes. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. Whether the military was mandatory in ancient times? Greece was partially united in terms of winning the battle against the Persians which both the However, only the … Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. Contrast Athens And Sparta 905 Words | 4 Pages. The freedom we enjoy in our government extends to our ordinary life. Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Ancient Rome can be considered to start from 500BC, the beginning of the Republic of Rome. Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. As Athens also starts with citizens first, then metics second, and slaves last. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. Over thousands of years ago in Ancient Greece many early civilizations formed in making a powerful civilized society. Athens used democratic rule while Sparta had an oligarchy. Athens was a great commercial center. 131). According Dr. Peter J. Sparta and Athens are alike in few ways one was is in there class of social groups. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. However, women from Sparta had more freedom compared to their counterparts in other cities. On the other hand that doesn’t mean that they are not different from each other, contrary each of them has a personality and a way to view its style. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. The Spartan elders were known as the Gerousia, and was formed from the two Spartan Kings and 30 additional elders. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. While both Athens and Sparta are Greek Cities that flourished in Classical Greece, they’re extremely distinguished from each other and could be considered their own bodies. There were certain requirements before a Spartan could be considered for the Gerousia, they would of course have to be a Spartan citizen, be over sixty years old and the more noble your family, the more chance you had of becoming an elder. In Sparta practically every man was a member of the Spartan military. Sparta and Athens are two city-states that clashed greatly with each other in Greece. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… Which illustrates an important difference in the values of Sparta and Athens? (1) Upon first glance, there are several similarities between Roman and Greek architecture. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. Athens was named after the Greek goddess Athena. Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_6',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. The Athenian Parthenon was built by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the supervision of … Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. Athens was a cultural and creative haven while Sparta was a militaristic society. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. Option 2 Many people think that Sparta and Athens were completely different, but this is not true, they had many similarities. But only one could be the best, was it Sparta or Athens?? Democracy as a form of government was developed in Athens as a virtue for individual citizens in a society where individuals are treated equal, also they still worship and reference their gods. Athens became the commercial hub, and from out of this economic necessity grew the power, wealth and culture of the Athens that we remember today. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. Why mess with a system that has proven itself to work countless times in history? After the victory, Athens gained wealth and dominance over the other Greek societies causing tensions between. Ancient Rome thought of Greece as an older and more sophisticated civilization and because of that borrowed many parts of the Greek culture. The Geriousia themselves served an important role in the Spartan society, not onl… As well as the columns disperse weight well so they would be able to get almost as large as they wanted safely. each polis was own its small country (p. 1). Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization. Due to the advanced and powerful navy of Athens incorporation with the well-built army of Sparta, they gained victory over the Persian Empire. Comparison Between Women In Athens And Sparta History Essay. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? One early successful civilizations that did not rely so much on the size of the army or society, but relied more on the quality of the army and making sure everyone works as one unit. At last the kings of Thebes and Ipaminondaya declared war against Sparta. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. A. Sparta valued innovation and change while Athens valued conserving what already existed. It’s unique anyways within the Geek and Roman architecture that they evolved to be a great accomplish for a long time, where seriously they look indistinguishable. Sparta was a city-state located in Ancient Greece that was based off a strict warrior society known as Lacedaemon. Although both Athens and Sparta were powerful Greek city-states, they were very different. For a long time, its navy was the most powerful in Greece. The first main difference between them was that Athens was more famous for its culture and civilization while Sparta was known for its warrior nature and had a fearsome reputation in those days. Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. Sparta was known for their strength, discipline, individuality, beauty, sports, and learning (Beck et al. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event. They believed in participation in government as a civic responsibility. Greece was a sophisticated civilization during which the human race advanced in multiple sciences, arts and most importantly politics. Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Despite the differences, Which illustrates an important difference in the values of Sparta and Athens? Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis. During this time, they gain more strength after being victorious over the Persians (Peace treaty in 449 B.C.). Difference Between Spartans And Athenians. What is the region in which the city is located? The cultural values of Athens relate to architecture and their religion, while Sparta exemplified warrior values in their cultural values, but both societies shared cultural background rooted in myths and legends. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Sparta was a military power with the best soldiers in Greece. Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between McAfee LiveSafe and Total Protection (With Table), Difference Between HCPCS and CPT (With Table), Difference Between Catholic and Lutheran (With Table), Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Constitution (With Table), Difference Between Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication (With Table). But since the early 70s, that relative proportion has more typically been in the order of 1:3 to 1:6. He made significant academic contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Which is the classical age of Greek Civilization? Ancient Greece was a time period in Greece during 800BC-500BC. As well as the fact that Greek architecture plays well with awkward pieces of ground so if they were building something on a hill they could make it appear perfectly level as well have made it structurally sound. Start studying Differences between Athens and sparta. 3. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. However, the above is not the only difference. 4. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). The life in both of these Greek places very vastly differ from each other, and the great differences among these two city-states eventually led them to war. With the progress of time, the relation between Sparta and Athens became bitter. A key difference lay in their ambitions, with Athens seeking to expand and Sparta being content with what it had. Thus, this paper will investigate further the similarities and Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Athens VS Sparta Athens and Sparta were two of the greatest Greek city states ever. He was more empirically-minded than Plato or Socrates and is famous for rejecting Plato 's theory of forms (iep.utm.edu). The difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democratic arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. People praised and of course adopted their Greek culture and scientific work. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. How was the government based in ancient times? There were two hereditary Kings, a council of 28 elders and an assembly of Spartan men. The city of Athens is one of the powerful cities in “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. Many think they are exactly alike as architecture from both empires share connections. In the meantime, we’ll see all over the essay the similarities and differences between both civilizations, including the building types, the techniques, and materials used, style and art. Ancient Greece Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Ancient Greece The Greeks place so much importance to their past because they use it as motivation to reach a greater height in the future, this is based on their culture and as a value for humans. As her democratic institutions, commercial strength, and naval power grew, Athens gradually turned into one of the greatest cultural center the world has ever seen. What was the status of women in ancient times? Further, the war—like attitude of Sparta made it unpopular before other city states of Greece. If a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by his condition. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. Athens had better cultural achievements. Somewhere in the early 1820s, the Greece King founded the modern city of Sparta. Easy! How did Athens and Sparta differ quizlet? Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Greece’s three main accomplishments are: The Olympics, Democracy, and Art/Architecture. differences between Sparta and Athens in governance, rule of women, and beliefs. Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. Of these values, an open and rational mind, a sense of responsibility to benefit every one of the community and enthusiasm for political participation are well worth learning in a modern society. This is the site where we share everything we've learned. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Sparta and Athens main objective. The Spartans lived among the original Doric people, the Helots, and regularly went to war with them just to kill off males of soldierly age. Between the 1930s and early 1970s, the proportion of text devoted to Sparta vs. Athens was typically between 1:6 and 1:10. Differing Climates Though Athens and Sparta were located in the same country of Greece, the two were far enough apart to exhibit slightly different climates. 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