cleopatra ii queen of egypt

Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ; 69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. 175 BC. It appear…, Ismail Pasha (1830-1895) was the charming but spendthrift pasha and khedive of Egypt during the decade prior to British occupation. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Immediate Family: Daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra Selene II Queen of Mauretania Queen of Mauretania was born on 25 DEC -40 in الاسكندرية Egypt, daughter of Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator. He assumed power in 1917 as sultan of Egypt, signifying the legally subordinate…, Ibrahim Pasha (1789-1848) was an outstanding Turkish military and administrative leader in the eastern Mediterranean area of the Ottoman Empire. As a result of Ptolemy VI's demise, Cleopatra II served briefly as regent for Ptolemy Neos Philopator, the younger of her sons. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Cleopatra became co-ruler of Egypt at the death of her father in 51 BC. Cleopatra II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c. 185-116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt. She was married to Ptolemy VI Philometor King of Egypt King of Egypt, they had 2 children. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC.[3]. Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). This Roman action began a long association between Rome and the Ptolemies, which had the effect of establishing Rome's right to intercede in Egyptian affairs—a right that was to grow until Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire. Although he certainly preferred the company of Cleopatra III, Ptolemy VIII nevertheless had a son (Ptolemy Memphites) with Cleopatra II. Daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt Defeated by Antiochus IV, Ptolemy VI fled Palestine in such confusion that he did not even trust in his ability to return to Egypt. This under-age marriage was arranged by Eulaeus (a eunuch) and Lenaeus (an ex-slave), two regents who, in lieu of anyone better situated, assumed their authority after Cleopatra I's death. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Not the type to miss an opportunity for vengeance, while in exile Ptolemy VIII sent as a birthday gift to Cleopatra II the dismembered body of their son, Ptolemy Memphites. Ptolemy Eupator, born in 166 BC. When Cleopatra died, Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. Although Cleopatra II died in 116 exhausted by years of trials and tribulations, she had the satisfaction of outliving Ptolemy VIII by a few months. Although Cleopatra II (with the help of a band of Jewish mercenaries) attempted to hold out against her brother, the Greek citizens of Alexandria weighed in decisively behind the return of Ptolemy VIII. Ptolemy (D), born ca 152 BC. This made Cleopatra II the first Ptolemaic queen to gain full political equality with a reigning king—actually, in this case, with two kings. Knowing that the Romans had already soundly defeated his father, and also knowing that they had recently crushed the Macedonians in Europe under Perseus, Antiochus caved in to the Roman ambassador and left Egypt permanently. Subsequently, in an effort to equalize their holdings, Ptolemy VIII invaded Cyprus where he was captured by Ptolemy VI (154). Not long after his return to Egypt and his marriage to Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VIII married the long-promised Cleopatra III (142), the daughter of his wife. Ptolemy Memphites may be identical to Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, but this identification is not universally accepted. Fuad I (1868-1936) was the first king of modern Egypt. Loathe to reconcile with Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II was forced to defend Egypt against his efforts to return. Murdered in 130 BC by Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon in ca 145 BC. Married to her uncle Ptolemy VIII. Cleopatra III, born between 160 and 155 BC. In ca 169 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt. Murdered by her son in ca 120 BC. Cleopatra I Syra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σύρα; c. 204 – 176 BC) was a princess of the Seleucid Empire, Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt by marriage to Ptolemy V of Egypt, and regent of Egypt during the minority of their son, Ptolemy VI, from her husband’s death in 180 BC until her own death in 176 BC. Cleopatra II herself died shortly after. The latter took both personal and political affront at the Egyptian change of heart. Cleopatra II.jpg 820 × 2,402; 519 KB. The three monarchs collectively ruled all of Egypt's possessions until violence flared between Ptolemies VI and VIII in 164. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. (In addition, the number of Ptolemy VIII's mistresses were legion, with their offspring granted positions of authority.) Encyclopedia.com. Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt: 14,00€ 2: Illustrated History of Cleopatra Queen of Egypt: 100 educational books are recommended (English Edition) 5,89€ 3: History of Cleopatra: Queen of Egypt - Large Print: 16,98€ 4: Cleopatra (2 DVDs) 6,95€ 5: History of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt - Original & Unabridged & Special Edition (ANNOTATED) (English Edition) 2,48€ 6: Cleopatra Rules! Before his death, Ptolemy VI fathered four children with Cleopatra II: Ptolemy Eupator, Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, Cleopatra III Euergetis, and Cleopatra Thea. Wife of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt. Egyptian law forced her to share her new role as pharaoh with Ptolemy XIII, her younger brother. The greatest achievement of this period came in the Edict of 118 (collectively ordained by Ptolemy and both Cleopatras), which constituted a serious reform of Egyptian law, which had been long neglected amid the various plots and gambits of the royal house. They had at least four children: Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physcon in ca 145 BC. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. Ibra…, Hyksos He… HYKSOS , the founders of the Egyptian 15th dynasty; Asiatics who exercised political control over Egypt between approximately 1655 and 1570 b.…, EGYPT , country in N.E. Cleopatra II ruled Egypt from 130 BC to 127 BC when she was forced to flee to Syria, where she joined her daughter Cleopatra Thea and her son-in-law Demetrius II Nicator. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. . After Demetrius' domestic fortunes flagged, Cleopatra II—not one to abandon the prerogatives of a royal life—made her peace with Ptolemy VIII and returned home to her husband and daughter (124). In 142 BC Ptolemy VIII took Cleopatra's younger daughter, his niece, Cleopatra III, as wife. She died about -116 in Egypt. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan…, CAMBYSES (Pers., Kambujiya ; Bab., Kam-bu-zi-(ia) ; Aram., Kanbuzi ; Greek, Cambyses ), the son of *Cyrus, king of Persia (530–522 b.c.e.). Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VI and their brother, Ptolemy VIII, were co-rulers of Egypt from ca 171 BC to 164 BC. However, this arrangement did not last for long because Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt to reclaim it as his own. Ptolemy VIII is said to have had his son dismembered and his head, hands and feet sent to Cleopatra II in Alexandria as a birthday present.[4]. Perfect gift for the Egyptophile! Cleopatra, royal queen of Egypt, reclines across a treasure box laden with elaborate Egyptian imagery including hieroglyphics, an Eye of Horus, an ankh and winged gryphons. Alexandria, Egypt, Born c. 160 - 155 BC. In the next year, his garrison on Cyprus was also expelled and that island was returned to its Ptolemaic masters. In addition, Cleopatra II clearly was more popular among her subjects than either of her brothers, thus conjuring up images of her mother whose memory was a significant legitimizing factor behind this generation of Ptolemies. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. The daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I , Cleopatra II had two brothers, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II. Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. Hoping to improve their standing through a deft manipulation of marriage politics, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra initially betrothed their daughter Cleopatra Thea to a pretender, Alexander Balas, who had seized the Syrian throne from its king Demetrius I (150). Since the most compelling support of the new regime was its association with the popularity of Cleopatra I, it followed that a union of her daughter to her older son could have the potential to strengthen the dynasty's staying power. Keep reading for more facts about the famous Egyptian queen. . Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) This campaign, led as it was by an inexperienced general, was a disaster. Although this policy seems to have won Egypt over to the regency of the two underage monarchs, the precariousness of the new arrangement encouraged the Seleucid king Antiochus IV (enthroned, 175) to invade Palestine in 171 to recover that region when Egypt was least able to defend it. Cleopatra VII (Queen) of EGYPT (subject of Shakespeare play) External page: Omitted from Michael Hart's 100 Most Influential List but ranked #29 in Pantheon's list went badly for Antony, and it started the fall of Egypt and her queen. Mother of Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt; Ptolemy Eupator ., died young; Cleopatra Thea; Berenice; Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned) and 3 others; Arsinoe ., of Egypt; Ptolemy (D) and Ptolemy Memphites « less . Cleopatra II herself died shortly after.[1]. Ptolemy VI Philometor joined Antiochus IV outside Alexandria. Women who Changed the World - "for Rebel Girls", Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned). Now married simultaneously to both mother and daughter, Ptolemy VIII was thus able to check Cleopatra II's status at court, being unable to do away with her completely. He finally engineered a successful return in 127, driving her to Syria and the shelter of her son-in-law, King Demetrius II. This forced Ptolemy VI—never popular with the inhabitants of Alexandria after his early failures in Palestine—out of Egypt proper until Rome brought him back to Alexandria and Cleopatra. Although Balas was unsuccessful in a military campaign fought in Palestine against the allied forces of Ptolemy VI and Demetrius II, Ptolemy VI died during this war as a result of a wound sustained when he fell from his horse. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Fuad I [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. Ptolemy VI Philometor joined Antiochus IV outside Alexandria. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC. Responding favorably to the request, in 168 the Romans sent an embassy under Gaius Popillius Laenus to demand that the newly returned Antiochus IV leave Egypt for good. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt was born circa 185 BC, died circa 116 BC. https://www.geni.com/people/Cleopatra-II-Queen-of-Egypt/6000000003645853743 Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt, Cleopatra II (in Greek, Κλεοπάτρα — c. 185–116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt, Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. [1][2], Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the second to last Hellenistic state and the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander(336–323 BC). When Antiochus IV decided to exploit the weak reign of his nephew and niece to reclaim Palestine, he was opposed by Ptolemy VI (170). Became co-regent with his father for a short time, but died at a young age in ca 152 BC. Biography Queen of Egypt. Basalt statue of Cleopatra VII (51-30 b.c.) Born between 144 and 142 BC. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. For Antiochus, there was influence to be gained through a manipulation of the rivalry engulfing the Ptolemaic house, that is, until more calculating heads held sway in Alexandria. Cleopatra Thea born in ca 164 BC. After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. Initially successful, Antiochus left Egypt in 169 with Ptolemy VI reunited with Cleopatra and reinstalled on the throne, and with a strong Seleucid garrison in Pelusium (the fortress that defended Egypt's frontier from Syria). Born between 163 and 160 BC. Died young in ca 150 BC. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Eventually, tensions at court erupted into civil war (132), and Ptolemy VIII was driven temporarily to Cyprus with Cleopatra III and his children. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. Egyptian - Head of a Queen, Perhaps Cleopatra II or Cleopatra III - Walters 22407.jpg 1,800 × 1,684; 2.79 MB. In fact, she would never be the sole ruler of Egypt in name, sharing the official title with her brothers and her son. 175 BC. 13 Jan. 2021 . She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. Ptolemy VIII arranged for his murder. His death occurred as a result of Egypt's reinvolvement in the affairs of the Seleucid Empire. She was the sister of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy X, Cleopatra Selene I and Tryphaena.. Cleopatra IV married her brother Ptolemy IX when he was still a … Since Cleopatra II had the Egyptian treasury in hand, and since important regions in Upper Egypt remained loyal to her alone even after Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III controlled Lower Egypt, Cleopatra II was made "welcome" by her brother and daughter. Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. ." As a result, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII (144), and the life of her younger son with Ptolemy VI was forfeited. After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. Cleopatra IV was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt.She was born between 138 and 135 BC. Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). Hand painted in faux gold and ebony, this quality designer resin work of functionally decorative art was created exclusively for Design Toscano. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Exactly why she became so established is a matter of conjecture, but most likely she had a talent for political affairs and was considered by all concerned as essential to the continued collaboration of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. (January 13, 2021). The known Battle of Actium in 31 B.C.E. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Ptolemy Memphites. She then ruled with her sons Ptolemy IX and Ptolemy X from 116 to 101 BC.. Cleopatra III was also known as Cleopatra Euergetis while associated with her husband Ptolemy VIII or her son Ptolemy X. Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 bce) Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). Cleopatra II and III Kom Ombo Temple.jpg 1,124 × 1,752; 613 KB. Declaring himself and his sister-wife Cleopatra II no longer subject to a regency (although he was still in his mid-teens), Ptolemy VI followed with an attack of his own on Palestine. William S. Greenwalt , Associate Professor of Classical History, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, California. Cleopatra II, however, managed to abscond with most of the Egyptian treasury. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Cleopatra was the Queen of Ancient Egypt and is still one of the most famous women in world history. Cleopatra II was initially cited as a full equal of her husband in the original petition against Antiochus IV before the Roman Senate, and her status was confirmed in Egyptian documents shortly thereafter. 8"Wx3.5"Dx4.5"H. 2 lbs. "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VI and their brother, Ptolemy VIII, were co-rulers of Egypt from ca 171 BC to 164 BC. She was probably the middle of the three siblings. She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. When that marriage proved to be politically barren, the same daughter was forced to abandon her first husband to marry Demetrius II (145), the son of Demetrius I and thus the enemy of Alexander Balas. Ismail Pasha was…, https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. ." Cleopatra III (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c.160–101 BC) was a queen of Egypt.She ruled at first with her mother Cleopatra II and husband Ptolemy VIII from 142 to 131 BC and again from 127 to 116 BC. Back in Egypt proper, with all opposition to their rule overcome, Cleopatra and Ptolemy VI ruled peacefully and apparently with competence as joint monarchs until Ptolemy VI's death in 145. They had at least one son: Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. Although Antiochus III had recovered Palestine in war (200), he endowered his daughter Cleopatra I with Palestine when he gave her in marriage to Ptolemy V, and the region reverted back to Ptolemaic control. With the foreign threat eased, Rome then worked out a compromise intended to keep Syria out of Egypt's affairs: it was agreed that Egypt should be ruled by the trinity of siblings—Ptolemy VI, Cleopatra II, and Ptolemy VIII. After the capture of Ptolemy VI, Antiochus seems to have had ambitions on the Egyptian throne for himself until he learned of the accession of Ptolemy VIII. Wife of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt

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