(2002). Ihre Unabhängigkeit erlangte die ehemalige französische Kolonie am 2. The name was promoted in 1945 by Marcus Kaisiepo, brother of the future governor Frans Kaisiepo. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Papua New Guinea, The population density in Papua New Guinea is 20 per Km. The Australian territories were put under military administration and were known simply as New Guinea. Politically, the western half of the island comprises two provinces of Indonesia: Papua and West Papua. The island of New Guinea is divided politically into roughly equal halves across a north-south line: The current population of the island of New Guinea is about eleven million. Another major habitat feature is the vast southern and northern lowlands. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. In 1969, Indonesia, under the 1962 New York Agreement, organised a referendum named the Act of Free Choice, in which hand picked Papuan tribal elders reached a consensus to continue the union with Indonesia.  The Indonesian courts' enforcement of the Law on Special Autonomy blocked further creation of subdivisions of Papua: although President Megawati Sukarnoputri was able to create a separate West Papua province in 2003 as a fait accompli, plans for a third province on western New Guinea were blocked by the courts. The Negarakertagama mentioned the region of Wanin in eastern Nusantara as part of Majapahit's tributary. Population. Many believe human habitation on the island dates to as early as 50,000 BC, and first settlement possibly dating back to 60,000 years ago has been proposed. In 1905, the British government transferred some administrative responsibility over southeast New Guinea to Australia (which renamed the area "Territory of Papua"); and, in 1906, transferred all remaining responsibility to Australia. All Countries in Africa. Typical Southern Hemisphere flora include the conifers Podocarpus and the rainforest emergents Araucaria and Agathis, as well as tree ferns and several species of Eucalyptus. The Simbu Province in the New Guinea highlands averages 20 persons per square kilometer (60 per sq. The island is presently populated by almost a thousand different tribal groups and a near-equivalent number of separate languages, which makes New Guinea the most linguistically diverse area in the world. The population of the districts and local-level governments (LLGs) of Papua New Guinea. The island state is located on the eastern half of New Guinea. The name Irian, which was originally favored by natives, is now considered to be a name imposed by the authority of Jakarta.. Global Rank: Position held by Papua New Guinea in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. New Guinea has 578 species of breeding birds, of which 324 species are endemic. Following the return to civil administration after World War II, the Australian section was known as the Territory of Papua-New Guinea from 1945 to 1949 and then as Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Prentice, M.L.  As of 2019, the Indonesian portion of New Guinea and the Maluku Islands is estimated to have 9,518 species of vascular plants, of which 4,380 are endemic.  Its etymology is unclear; one theory states that it derived from Tidore, the language used by the Sultanate of Tidore, which controlled parts of the island's coastal region. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. In 2020, an international study conducted by a team of 99 experts cataloged 13,634 species representing 1,742 genera and 264 families of vascular plants for New Guinea and its associated islands (Aru Is., Bismarck Arch., D'Entrecasteaux Is., Louisiade Arch. Population Pyramids: Papua New Guinea - 2021. 2011 Census Summary Figures; Population Figures 1980-2011 - - - - Related Documents. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Papua New Guinea had a population of 2.3 million people. ), making it the world's most floristically diverse island, surpassing Madagascar (11,488), Borneo (11,165), Java (4,598), and the Philippines (9,432).. Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. When the Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islands, they also referred to the island as Papua.  The two landmasses became separated when the area now known as the Torres Strait flooded after the end of the last glacial period. "Was Papua New Guinea an Early Agriculture Pioneer?" Anthropologically, New Guinea is considered part of Melanesia.. New Guinea has a rich diversity of coral life and 1,200 species of fish have been found. The ancestral Austronesian peoples are believed to have arrived considerably later, approximately 3,500 years ago, as part of a gradual seafaring migration from Southeast Asia, possibly originating in Taiwan. Papua New Guinea Population (1950 - 2020).  There is evidence that New Guinea gardeners invented crop rotation well before western Europeans. These funds will support implementation of the new national economic and social development plan. New Guinea, the second largest island in the world, is home to one of the last great expanses of tropical rainforest as well as some of the world's most traditional forest dwellers, some of whom have had little or no contact with the outside world (as of 2010, 44 groups in Indonesian Papua are estimated remain uncontacted). The Dutch, who arrived later under Jacob Le Maire and Willem Schouten, called it Schouten island. Ploeg reports that the word papua is often said to be derived from the Malay word papua or pua-pua, meaning "frizzly-haired", referring to the highly curly hair of the inhabitants of these areas. 17 7694–7698. The lowest point of Papua New Guinea is the Pacific Ocean (0m). Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. This area is approximately 115% of the area of California. Prior to the 1970s, archaeologists called the single Pleistocene landmass by the name Australasia, although this word is most often used for a wider region that includes lands, such as New Zealand, which are not on the same continental shelf. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) source: World Bank.  Critics argue that the Indonesian government has been reluctant to establish or issue various government implementing regulations so that the legal provisions of special autonomy could be put into practice, and as a result special autonomy in Papua has failed. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. These original inhabitants first arrived in New Guinea at a time (either side of the Last Glacial Maximum, approx 21,000 years ago) when the island was connected to the Australian continent via a land bridge, forming the landmass of Sahul. Yet the two land masses share a similar animal fauna, with marsupials, including wallabies and possums, and the egg-laying monotreme, the echidna. Papua New Guinea's Western Province averages one person per square kilometer (3 per sq.  Trotz der vorhandenen Bodenschätze lebt der Großteil der Bürger in Armut, diese wurde durch die Diktatur Ahmed Sékou Tourés n… His expedition also discovered Basilaki Island naming it Tierra de San Buenaventura, which he claimed for Spain in July 1606. The western half, known as Western New Guinea or West Papua, forms a part of Indonesia and is organized as the provinces of Papua and West Papua. Austronesian-speaking peoples colonized many of the offshore islands to the north and east of New Guinea, such as New Ireland and New Britain, with settlements also on the coastal fringes of the main island in places. The term Papuan languages refers to an areal grouping, rather than a linguistic one, since so-called Papuan languages comprise hundreds of different languages, most of which are not related.. [clarification needed] They can be divided into two groups, the Austronesian languages, and all the others, called Papuan languages for convenience. Research indicates that the highlands were an early and independent center of agriculture, with evidence of irrigation going back at least 10,000 years. This has been identified with the Onin Peninsula, part of the Bomberai Peninsula near the city of Fakfak. The western half of the island contains the highest mountains in Oceania, with its highest point, Puncak Jaya, reaching an elevation of 4,884 m (16,023 ft). (includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.). The tree line is around 4,000 m (13,100 ft) elevation, and the tallest peaks contain equatorial glaciers—which have been retreating since at least 1936. , Large areas of New Guinea are yet to be explored by scientists and anthropologists. The separation is not merely linguistic; warfare among societies was a factor in the evolution of the men's house: separate housing of groups of adult men, from the single-family houses of the women and children, for mutual protection from other tribal groups. Papua New Guinea population density is 19.6 people per square kilometer (50.6/mi 2) as of January 2021. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. Cash crops in Papua New Guinea include coffee, cacao, copra, palm oil, tea, and rubber; skyjack tuna, prawns, and timber are also exported. In 1883, following a short-lived French annexation of New Ireland, the British colony of Queensland annexed south-eastern New Guinea. On 1 October 1962, the Dutch handed over the territory to the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority, until 1 May 1963, when Indonesia took control. In the period from 1998 to 2008, conservationists identified 1,060 new species in New Guinea, including 218 plants, 43 reptiles, 12 mammals, 580 invertebrates, 134 amphibians, 2 birds and 71 fish. Papua New Guinea Urban Population Currently, 13.0 % of the population of Papua New Guinea is urban (1,137,684 people in 2019) Population Density. Other than bats and some two dozen indigenous rodent genera, there are no pre-human indigenous placental mammals. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, the majority being from the group known as Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the New Guinea region tens of thousands of years ago. New Guinea has 284 species and six orders of mammals: monotremes, three orders of marsupials, rodents and bats; 195 of the mammal species (69%) are endemic. Papua New Guinea (PNG) occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and is the largest country of the Pacific region (461,690 km²). The territory was renamed West Irian and then Irian Jaya. A spine of east–west mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, dominates the geography of New Guinea, stretching over 1,600 km (1,000 mi) across the island, with many mountains over 4,000 m (13,100 ft). The total population in Papua New Guinea was estimated at 8.4 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 200 people yearly. Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et al. The MRP was empowered to protect the rights of Papuans, raise the status of women in Papua, and to ease religious tensions in Papua; block grants were given for the implementation of the Law as much as $266 million in 2004. Papua New Guinea Population. This is an animated population pyramid comparison of these two countries' total population by five year age bands from 1950 to 2100. Administrative Division. The territories under Australian administration became collectively known as The Territories of Papua and New Guinea (until February 1942). It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. In the early 1970s, they introduced the term Greater Australia for the Pleistocene continent. Before about 1930, European maps showed the highlands as uninhabited forests. During World War I, Australian forces seized German New Guinea, which in 1920 became the Territory of New Guinea, to be administered by Australia under a League of Nations mandate. The first inhabitants, from whom the Papuan people are probably descended, adapted to the range of ecologies and, in time, developed one of the earliest known agricultures. The people, known as the Dani, were the last society of its size to make first contact with the rest of the world. Papua New Guinea Population Projections. Population. Show. The shape of New Guinea is often compared to that of a bird-of-paradise (indigenous to the island), and this results in the usual names for the two extremes of the island: the Bird's Head Peninsula in the northwest (Vogelkop in Dutch, Kepala Burung in Indonesian; also known as the Doberai Peninsula), and the Bird's Tail Peninsula in the southeast (also known as the Papuan Peninsula). Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. In 2000, Irian Jaya was formally renamed "The Province of Papua" and a Law on Special Autonomy was passed in 2001. Also about 600 species of reef-building coral—the latter equal to 75 percent of the world's known total. mi.). In 1950, Papua New Guinea population was 1674036 and this continuously increasing at growth rate of average 0.02%.Currently Papua New Guinea population is around 7108239 and by year 2030 its expected to be 10486891 .Papua New Guinea ranks 102nd when compared to other countries population. Although the rest of the Dutch East Indies achieved independence as Indonesia on 27 December 1949, the Netherlands regained control of western New Guinea.  When first flown over by aircraft, numerous settlements with agricultural terraces and stockades were observed. and has areas containing up to 200 people farming a square kilometer of land. However, the Queensland government's superiors in the United Kingdom revoked the claim, and (formally) assumed direct responsibility in 1884, when Germany claimed north-eastern New Guinea as the protectorate of German New Guinea (also called Kaiser-Wilhelmsland). ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. Papua New Guinea is with the bulk of the country part of a larger island. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011 census. Papua-Neuguinea ([ˈpaːpua nɔygiˈneːa], Tok Pisin Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini) ist nach Indonesien und Madagaskar der flächenmäßig drittgrößte Inselstaat der Welt. Er liegt im Pazifik, wird zum australischen Kontinent gerechnet und umfasst den Osten der Insel Neuguinea (Westneuguinea gehört zu Indonesien) sowie mehrere vorgelagerte Inseln und Inselgruppen. Life expectancy at birth is about 60 years for men and 64 years for women. The bulk of New Guinea’s population are subsistence farmers. With some 786,000 km2 of tropical land—less than one-half of one percent (0.5%) of the Earth's surface—New Guinea has an immense biodiversity, containing between 5 and 10 percent of the total species on the planet. According to the most recent census, the population of the city is just over 400,000 people. Sometimes considered to be the easternmost island of the Indonesian archipelago, it lies north of Australia's Top End, the Gulf of Carpentaria and Cape York Peninsula, and west of the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands archipelago.  The sultans of Tidore, in Maluku Islands, claimed sovereignty over various coastal parts of the island. The gardens of the New Guinea Highlands are ancient, intensive permacultures, adapted to high population densities, very high rainfalls (as high as 10,000 mm per year (400 in/yr)), earthquakes, hilly land, and occasional frost.  The name is one of several toponyms sharing similar etymologies, ultimately meaning "land of the blacks" or similar meanings, in reference to the dark skin of the inhabitants. The first Dutch government posts were established in 1898 and in 1902: Manokwari on the north coast, Fak-Fak in the west and Merauke in the south at the border with British New Guinea. Chart and table of Papua New Guinea population from 1950 to 2021. Papua New Guinea population density. Papuans often gave vital assistance to the Allies, fighting alongside Australian troops, and carrying equipment and injured men across New Guinea. The German, Dutch and British colonial administrators each attempted to suppress the still-widespread practices of inter-village warfare and headhunting within their respective territories.. The population of Papua New Guinea has reached 7,275,324 according to 2011 Census. Human habitation of New Guinea over tens of thousands of years has led to a great deal of diversity, which was further increased by the later arrival of the Austronesians and the more recent history of European and Asian settlement through events like transmigration. Ethnologue's 14th edition lists 826 languages of Papua New Guinea and 257 languages of Western New Guinea, total 1073 languages, with 12 languages overlapping. This percentage is about the same amount as that found in the United States or Australia. mi.) The island's frogs are one of the most poorly known vertebrate groups, totalling 282 species, but this number is expected to double or even triple when all species have been documented. 2020. Independent State of Papua New Guinea with population statistics, maps, charts, weather and web information. 2.3 in Marshall, A.J., and Beehler, B.M. Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Papua New Guinea divided by total area of the country. These were the Austronesian people, who had spread down from Taiwan, through the South-east Asian archipelago, colonising many of the islands on the way. Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. In 1545, Spaniard Íñigo Ortíz de Retes sailed along the north coast of New Guinea as far as the Mamberamo River, near which he landed on 20 June, naming the island 'Nueva Guinea'. Port Moresby is a city located in Papua New Guinea. , "Irian" redirects here.  A unique feature of New Guinea permaculture is the silviculture of Casuarina oligodon, a tall, sturdy native ironwood tree, suited to use for timber and fuel, with root nodules that fix nitrogen. Current projections believe that the annual population rate will hit a temporary peak in 2020 at 2.03% before declining nearly a full percentage point over the next 30 years. Remains of this agricultural system, in the form of ancient irrigation systems in the highlands of Papua New Guinea, are being studied by archaeologists. Oktober 1958. The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. Yams, taro, sago, and bananas are the lowland staple foods, and the sweet potato is the main highland food; pig husbandry is widespread. The population of Papua New Guinea has been gradually slowing or many years and that is expected to continue in the years to come. The island has been known by various names: The name Papua was used to refer to parts of the island before contact with the West. Papua New Guinea is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. As of 2020, the Western portion of New Guinea, Papua and West Papua, accounts for 54% of the island's primary forest and about 51% of the island's total tree cover, according to satellite data. The city, which is also known as Moresby or Pom City, is the one of the largest in the South Pacific. Complex mulches, crop rotations and tillages are used in rotation on terraces with complex irrigation systems. The southern lowlands are the site of Lorentz National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. historical and predicted populations (both sexes) for the period 1950-2100 (millions) De facto population in Papua New Guinea as of 1 July of the year indicated. National Statistics Office website. , The name Irian was used in the Indonesian language to refer to the island and Indonesian province, as Irian Barat (West Irian) Province and later Irian Jaya Province. Hope (2006). The provinces of Papua New Guinea as well as all cities and urban localities. It has increased by 40% and at average annual growth rate 3.1% since the last census in 2000. Highest City Populations in Guinea. September 2010, Autonomy isn’t independence; Indonesian democracy stops in Papua, "Conservationists discover more than 1,000 species in New Guinea", "Progress on Southeast Asia's Flora projects", "New Guinea has the world's richest island flora", "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation", "Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas", Report claims secret genocide in Indonesia – University of Sydney, "Papua New Guinea massacre of women and children highlights poor policing, gun influx", Guns, Germs and Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the last 13,000 Years, Facsimile of material from "The Discovery of New Guinea" by George Collingridge, Scientists hail discovery of hundreds of new species in remote New Guinea, tapa ["masi" (Fiji), "ngatu" (Tonga), "siapo" (Sāmoa), " ʻuha" (Rotuma)], Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Research Consortium, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Guinea&oldid=1000929327, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Tok Pisin-language text, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:50. 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