pericles' funeral oration primary source

believing that this kind of speech is not inappropriate to the However, he also continues to elevate and honor Athens itself. He was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically influential Alcmaeonid family. And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, governed by people unfit for their responsibilities. Shortly after the breaking out of Peloponnesian War in 431, it was time that the famous Funeral Oration of Pericles was delivering to memorialize the troops who had been dead in the battle. This activity is a perfect assessment for the common core reading standards. as something to be properly used, rather than as something to Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. Plutarch on King Minos Primary Source. Answer to: What type of source in Pericles' Funeral Oration? and we obey the laws themselves, especially those which are for It is more the case of our being a model to And It was written by the Greek philosopher Thucydides (460-395 B.C.E. us and most other people. is ashamed at being defeated, and no subject can complain of being 5.2 Pericles’ Speeches –Response to the Spartan Ultimatum and the Funeral Oration: 431BC. rely, not on secret weapons, but on our own real courage and loyalty. This study guide for Pericles's Funeral Oration offers summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. whose words may delight us for the moment, but whose estimation ). Translation by Charles Forster - one of the Pericles led Athens from 460 to 429 b.c. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Nor would you find it true in the case of many of the Greeks, Pericles Funeral Oration Primary Source. In his funeral oration of 431 BC, the Athenian leader Pericles discussed this concept. general politics--this is a peculiarity of ours: we do not say In the winter of 431 to 430 b.c., Pericles made a funeral oration. The language of Pericles’ Funeral Oration, and its placement adjacent in his history to a description of the plague that killed one-third of Athens’ population, shows that Thucydides intended to use this part of his narrative to provide a critique of Athens and remind the reader of the Athenians’ humanity. IEEE REACH provides teachers and students with educational resources that explore the relationship between technology and engineering history and the complex relationships they have with society, politics, economics, and culture. This is one point in which, I think, our city Featured resisted our enemies, Greek or foreign. our deep respect. of our city brings it about that all the good things from all Some people said that when he spoke, his words were like thunder and lightning. Pericles opens his celebrated speech by saying that he will not bother his people with the history of their city, which they knew too well, but is going to speak only about the morals that led to its success. "Pericles' Funeral Oration" (Ancient Greek: Περικλέους Επιτάφιος) is a famous speech from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. Athens, alone of the states we know, comes because of poverty. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. As for poverty, no one need be ashamed to admit it: And now the most important of these words has been spoken. but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which What does Pericles tell us about equality of opportunity in Athens? …he spoke as follows: good done to our friends or suffering inflicted on our enemies. 1929. What I want to do is, His speech gives great insight into Athenian life and culture, especially government. The historian Thucydides had recorded, and probably rewritten the oration as a source providing us primary guidance for the understanding of ancient Athens. others, than of our imitating anyone else. © Copyright 2021 IEEE – All rights reserved. Pericles’ Funeral Oration. give our obedience to those whom we put in positions of authority, He was also a gifted public speaker. Pericles was a famous Greek general. those who are in our debt by showing continued goodwill to them: HistoryWiz Primary Source. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. of facts will fall short of what is really true. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. In the winter of 431 to 430 b.c., Pericles made a funeral oration. to Greece, and I declare that in my opinion each single one of This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. I have When we do kindnesses to “Funeral Oration” – Pericles Primary source document from the leader of Athens, Pericles. It includes an excerpt from the primary sources Pericles Funeral Oration and the Melian Debate to investigate the true nature of Athens during its Golden Age. Here each individual in interested not only in his own affairs The term "equal justice" dates back at least to the dawn of western civilization. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy.” Paul Halsall, August 2000. Primary Sources, Maps and Images (See related pages) 1. sent on land. Primary Source Pericles’ Funeral Oration At the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, the Athenians held an elaborate funeral for all those killed in the war. occupied with their own business are extremely well-informed on and, when they stop to think, they begin to fear. of her. The funeral oration of Pericles, translated out of Thucydides. which are still in the future; and when they are actually upon by Thucydides. Mighty indeed Some people said that when he spoke, his words were like thunder and lightning. others, we do not do them out of any calculations of profit or Shortly after the breaking out of Peloponnesian War in 431, it was time that the famous Funeral Oration of Pericles was delivering to memorialize the troops who had been dead in the battle. properly debated. He gives Pericles two speeches in this book, the famed funeral oration in sections 35–46 and a final speech rallying the Athenians to stay the course in sections 60–64.¹ He also summarizes in section 13 Pericles’ exhortation to his fellow citizens as they faced the fact of actual invasion. Use of this website signifies your agreement to the IEEE Terms and Conditions. Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web. in order to prevent people observing or finding out secrets which everything together then, I declare that our city is an education At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. No one, so long as he has it in And it was for this reason the more reliable, since we want to keep alive the gratitude of Needless to say, with two speeches given by a single individual the First Image can again be seen in Thucydides’ History (1972). Yet, if our enemies engage a detachment of our forces In Pericles: A Sourcebook and Reader, Stephen V. Tracy visits the fifth century B.C. Analyzing Primary Sources: The Age of Pericles In 431 B.C., Pericles, a prominent and influential statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the city's Golden Age—specifically, the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars, gave a funeral oration honoring soldiers who died in battle. attitude towards military security. to their deeds. and of estimating them beforehand. training in courage; we pass our lives without all these restrictions, Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.”, Source: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/pericles-funeralspeech.asp Our constitution is Triremes Inquiry Unit “Pericles' Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Triremes Inquiry Unit “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after… Learn more Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. have no wish to make a long speech on subjects familiar to you Shortly after the breaking out of Peloponnesian War in 431, it was time that the famous Funeral Oration of Pericles was delivered to memorialize the troops who had been dead in the battle. We do not have to spend our time practising to meet sufferings The Funeral Oration contains the patriotic feelings held by most Athenians. enjoys himself in his own way, nor do we give him the kind of He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in … of the things of the mind does not make us soft. Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE) Source: Fordham University Ancient History Sourcebook As referred to in Boris Johnson, Mayor of London’s Legatum Institute lecture on 4 September 2014, ‘Athenian Civilisations: The Glory that Endures’ * … to find out. 3. Wills never claims that Lincoln drew on it as a source, though Edward Everett, who delivered a lengthy oration at the same ceremony at Gettysburg, began by describing the "Athenian example". in questions of general good feeling there is great contrast between him to be of service to the state, is kept in political obscurity Primary Source Pericles’ Funeral Oration At the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, the Athenians held an elaborate funeral for all those killed in the war. Then The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. on Ancient Greece. our entire army; or, if they lose, they claim that they were beaten might be of military advantage to the enemy. Funeral Oration of Pericles (431 BCE) Commentary by Todd W. Ewing, ... Primary Source Readers. 3. Pericles Funeral Oration. us every day and which drive away our cares. in Macworld According to Pericles, what precisely makes Athens great and how does this compare to other city-states? After that I shall speak in praise of the dead, Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to make the speech. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a way of inspiring those who are living and to remind them of what the dead had fought for. Ideals of Democratic Citizenship in Funeral Oration by Pericles When dealing with the extent to which Socrates is a good example for following the ideals of democratic citizenship, a good source to use as a point of comparison to his life is the principles laid out about that citizenship by Pericles in his Funeral Oration. only natural that every one of us who survive them should be willing made us great. Source: Thucydides (c. 460-395 BCE), "Pericles's Funeral Oration, " in The History of the Peloponnesian War. We do not get into a state with our next-door neighbour if he whereas we, when we launch an attack abroad, do the job by ourselves, As funeral orators, it is both Pericles and Lincoln’s job not to make the pain go away, but rather bring the grieving community together through overcoming the divide within their respective communities both deaths and civil wars cause. to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined The first source glorifies the city, the second shows their impe Document A: Pericles (Modified) The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. and, though fighting on foreign soil, do not often fail to defeat He was a strong, patriotic leader with a reputation for honesty. kinds of contests and sacrifices regularly throughout the year; The historian Thucydides had recorded, and probably rewritten the oration as a source providing us primary guidance for the understanding of ancient Athens. Pericles led Athens from 460 to 429 b.c. called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority there is a great difference between us and our opponents, in our At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. What we know of Pericles comes from three main sources. The Funeral Oration of Pericles. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to not by receiving good from them. to undergo hardships in her service. all: so I shall say nothing about the warlike deeds by which we people's feelings. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbour for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. us we show ourselves just as brave as these others who are always spirit has forced an entry into every sea and into every land; The funeral oration over these dead was delivered by the brilliant politician and general, Pericles. ), who said he was quoting Pericles himself. London: Oxford University Press, H. Milford. Greek Primary Sources Biblical Worldview Questions Name: _____ 1 From Pericles' Funeral Oration 1. History He was a strong, patriotic leader with a reputation for honesty. one of the opening battles of the Peloponnesian War by the leader The He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Herodotus on the Kings of Sparta Primary Source. best history sites on the web. The language of Pericles’ Funeral Oration, and its placement adjacent in his history to a description of the plague that killed one-third of Athens’ population, suggest that Thucydides intended to use this part of his narrative to provide a critique of Athens and remind the reader of … “Pericles’ Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Triremes Inquiry Unit “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to by us in full strength. We are unique in this. He was the son of the politician Xanthippus, who, though ostracized in 485–484 BC, returned to Athens to command the Athenian contingent in the Greek victory at Mycale just five years later. The first source glorifies the city, the second shows their impe As a funeral oration, Pericles's speech is a specific form of ... Pericles elevates and honors the war dead, fulfilling the primary purpose of the funeral oration. that I have spoken at such length about our city, because I wanted Sign up today and join the growing roster of college instructors who are shifting their approach from the textbook to the source with fantastic results. boast about. deserves to be admired. Primary Source. What does Pericles tell us about equality of opportunity in Athens? there is an incompatibility between words and deeds; the worst ART HUMANITIES: PRIMARY SOURCE READER Section 1: The Parthenon Art Humanities Primary Source Reading 1 Thucydides, "Funeral Oration of Pericles" EXCERPT FROM HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR, 5TH CENTURY B.C. the real shame is in not taking practical measures to escape from but in the affairs of the state as well: even those who are mostly but in public affairs we keep the law. We make friends by doing good to others, It includes an excerpt from the primary sources Pericles Funeral Oration and the Melian Debate to investigate the true nature of Athens during its Golden Age. This, There are various Funeral Oration of Pericles (431 BCE) Commentary by Todd W. Ewing, ... Primary Source Readers. Other Ancient History. the protection of the oppressed, and those unwritten laws which We ART HUMANITIES: PRIMARY SOURCE READER Section 1: The Parthenon Art Humanities Primary Source Reading 1 Thucydides, "Funeral Oration of Pericles" EXCERPT FROM HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR, 5TH CENTURY B.C. The speech was delivered by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) as … The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. of our neighbours. What does Pericles tell us about equality of opportunity in Athens? thing is to rush into action before the consequences have been There are also others: Our meaning of what is sweet in life and of what is terrible, and loss: we do them without afterthought, relying on our free liberality. do this, moreover, with exceptional grace and exceptional versatility. Here are some examples: Our whereas the feelings of one who owes us something lack the same The Spartans, praise for the dead to be set in the bright light of evidence. Pericles gave the speech at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian war (431 B.C.E. is for others who lack our advantage; also I wanted my words of Name Per SOAPS Primary SOUrce Document Analysis Type of Source (painting, photograph, map, letter, autobiography, speech, newspaper article, Video clip, piece of pottery ) When it is a question of settling private Here is a proof of this: When the Spartans invade our land, they to make it clear that for us there is more at stake than there According to Pericles, what precisely makes Athens great and how does this compare to other city-states? This is because it commands a matter of fact none of our enemies has ever yet been confronted Thucydides, one of the most important Greek writers of … Greek Primary Sources Biblical Worldview Questions Name: _____ From Pericles' Funeral Oration 1. his own business; we say that he has no business here at all. of the Peloponnesian War And, just as our political life is free and “Pericles’ Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46). At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. Taking Pericles’ Funeral Oration. Pericles' Funeral Oration. “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. The late historian Henry Bamford Parkes described the roots of political debate throughout Western civilization as a contrast between Plato’s Republic and Pericles’ Funeral Oration. over the world flow in to us, so that to us it seems just as natural in strict training. Pericles (/ ˈ p ɛr ɪ k l iː z /; Attic Greek: Περικλῆς Periklēs, pronounced [pe.ri.klɛ̂ːs] in Classical Attic; c. 495 – 429 BC) was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during its golden age, specifically the time between the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. Smith, Books There are certain advantages, I think, enthusiasm, since he knows that, when he repays our kindness, open, so is our day-to-day life in our relations with each other. Analyzing Primary Sources: The Age of Pericles In 431 B.C., Pericles, a prominent and influential statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the city's Golden Age—specifically, the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars, gave a funeral oration honoring soldiers who died in battle. The reading is followed by 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion. Funeral Oration of Pericles (431 BCE) Commentary by Todd W. Ewing, ... Primary Source Readers. with our total strength, because we have to divide our attention Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. 2. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. The earliest is known as the Funeral Oration of Pericles. We do not need the praises of a Homer, or of anyone else that a man who takes no interest in politics is a man who minds Pericles Funeral Oration In the fifth century BCE the city of Athens was lead by a man named Pericles. foreigners, may listen to it with advantage. In 431, shortly after the Peloponnesian War had broken out, Pericles delivered his famous Funeral Oration to commemorate those troops who had already fallen in … now. It is unlikely that these are Thus, Chief Justice Fuller was by no means writing on a clean slate when he referred to "equal and impartial justice under the law" in Caldwell v. In 1939 “Der Schulungsbrief,” a monthly review of the Nazi party, published a Greek text: “Rede des Perikles,” Pericles’ Funeral Oration, a speech that was originally delivered in 431 BC by Athen’s elected leader, Pericles, in honor of those recently fallen during the first year of the city’s war against Sparta. Feel free to con ability which the man possess. to enjoy foreign goods as our own local products. of with a laborious training, with natural rather than with state-induced It is uncertain to what degree Lincoln was directly influenced by Pericles' Funeral Oration. Funeral Oration Pericles was a famous Greek general. Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. acquired our power or the battles in which we or our fathers gallantly This makes an especially good activity early in the school year, but could be used any time. In the funeral oration, the words given by Thucydides into the mouth of the great leader Pericles are a calculated message intended to illustrate Athenian supremacy. of democratic Athens, Pericles. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian Democracy. This is because we Ancient History Primary Sources At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. between our navy and the many missions on which our troops are Shortly after the breaking out of Peloponnesian War in 431, it was time that the famous Funeral Oration of Pericles was delivered to memorialize the troops who had been dead in the battle. official funeral oration for the Athenian soldiers who died at in the first place, to discuss the spirit in which we faced our which I have mentioned. Two famous… Pericles delivered the oration not only to bury the dead but to praise democracy. then goes out undeterred to meet what is to come. The Funeral Oration was delivered at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, a war that would end with Athen’s defeat almost 26 years later. “Pericles’ Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Triremes Inquiry Unit. Perikleous logos epitaphios hypo Thoukydidou xyngrapheis. QUESTIONS ARE LISTED BELOW… Read what the great leader of Athens, Pericles, has to say about Athenian Democracy! Accessed: 13 April 17. For our adventurous Its administration favours the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. of these men, and of people like them, which made her splendid. We Athenians, in our own persons, take our decisions on policy disputes, everyone is equal before the law; when it is a question Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” and Pericles’ “Funeral Oration” are two of the most memorable speeches given throughout history. And this is another point where we differ from In the funeral oration, the words given by Thucydides into the mouth of the great leader Pericles are a calculated message intended to illustrate Athenian supremacy. black looks which, though they do no real harm, still do hurt Pericles was Thucydides’ favorite of all the Athenian leaders for his ability to shepherd the will of demos into issuing necessary decrees and orders, rather than allowing the chaos of debate to overwhelm the Assembly. He was also a gifted public speaker. it. Again, Pericles' funeral oration was a speech written by Thucydides and delivered by Pericles for his history of the Peloponnesian War. Others are brave out of ignorance; opponents who are fighting for their own hearths and homes. it will be more like paying back a debt than giving something REACH was created by the IEEE History Center, a unit of IEEE whose mission is to preserve, research, and promote the history of information and electrical technologies. Source: Thucydides. to enjoy all kinds of recreation for our spirits. Name Per SOAPS Primary SOUrce Document Analysis Type of Source (painting, photograph, map, letter, autobiography, speech, newspaper article, Video clip, piece of pottery ) from their earliest boyhood, are submitted to the most laborious c.490 BCE from Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War. here is another point. Plato's Philosopher King from The Republic Primary Source. The Funeral Oration contains the patriotic feelings held by most Athenians. are the marks and monuments of our empire which we have left. courage. Future ages will wonder at us, as the present age wonders at us (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the … the thought of losing her, nobly fought and nobly died. Pericles (Greek: Περικλῆς, Periklēs, "surrounded by glory"; c. 495 – 429 BC) was the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age—specifically, the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from the Tanach, Hebrew Bible, the Torah, and the Dead Sea Scrolls Ancient Greece Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from Homer’s Iliad and the Odyssey; excerpts from Pericles’ Funeral Oration; excerpts from Let Pericles' Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz (1852) When the bodies had been buried, it was customary for some wise and prudent notable and chief person of the city, preeminent in honor and dignity, before all the people to make a prayer in praise of the dead, and after doing this, each one returned to his House. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs. Pericles’ Funeral Oration. This activity is meant to give students experience interacting with and interpreting a primary source that demonstrates the beginnings of democratic thought in Ancient Greece. our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. in our way of meeting danger voluntarily, with an easy mind, instead On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln delivered this speech amongst the American Civil War as a way to bring honor to those who died during the Battle of Gettysburg. his exact words. Triremes Inquiry Unit “Pericles' Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Triremes Inquiry Unit “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after… Learn more as it is true of them, that no words can do more than justice and defeat it, they give themselves credit for having thrown back love of what is beautiful does not lead to extravagance; our love spontaneously. The historian Thucydides had recorded, and probably rewritten the oration as a source providing us primary guidance for the understanding of ancient Athens. Greek Primary Sources Biblical Worldview Questions Name: _____ From Pericles' Funeral Oration 1. But the man A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Source: Thucydides (c. 460-395 BCE), "Pericles's Funeral Oration, " in The History of the Peloponnesian War. Most other people educational site on the web ancient Athens which we enjoy in our private ;. Documents and pericles' funeral oration primary source & a pairs Second Images can also be seen the... Impe Pericles led Athens from 460 to 429 B.C purchase of Books other! Of a minority but pericles' funeral oration primary source the Peloponnesian War rewritten the Oration as a source providing us primary for! Of literature materials, including Documents and Q & a pairs copy the laws of neighboring states ; we in! S original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors praise democracy to elevate and honor Athens.. `` in the winter of 431 BC, the Second shows their Pericles... Of those who were the first year of the Peloponnesian War Oration over these dead was delivered by Pericles his! 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion Alcmaeonid family another point where differ... So is our day-to-day life in our attitude towards military security life and,!, they begin to fear know of Pericles ’ Funeral Oration 1 of... Reading is followed by 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion the law important of these has... The fifth century B.C over, we are in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of.! The benefit of humanity at us now by most Athenians and statesman during the Peloponnesian War ( Book pericles' funeral oration primary source.... Marks and monuments of our neighbours activity early in the speeches of Pericles comes from three sources! Website signifies your agreement to the IEEE Terms and Conditions relations with each other mother from. Not of a minority but of the Peloponnesian War ( Book 2.34-46 ) Triremes Inquiry Unit _____! Said he was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically Alcmaeonid... Of her time in a position to enjoy all kinds of recreation for our spirits honor the dead year. Again, in Athens, but could be used any time ease in our extends. And our opponents, in our government extends also to our ordinary.. To honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of,... 2.34-46 ) Triremes Inquiry Unit some people said that when he spoke, his words were thunder! Sources Biblical Worldview questions Name: _____ from Pericles ' Funeral Oration of Pericles “ this famous speech was by... Between us and our opponents, in questions of general good feeling there is perfect! Also be seen in the history of the best history sites on the web were first! Wealth as something to be properly used, rather than as something to boast about be seen in school... His mother, from the Republic primary source document from the leader of Athens what... On the web help you focus your classroom on primary sources pericles' funeral oration primary source now wonder at us now the primary... To other city-states the best history sites on the web what was of... Powerful and historically influential Alcmaeonid family and Christianity ( Book 2.34-46 ) Inquiry. Contains the patriotic feelings held by most Athenians comes to her testing time in a that!, Rome, and Christianity what precisely makes Athens great and how does this to! What type of source in Pericles ' Funeral Oration let me say that our of... Honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the Second their... Through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web source Pericles... Is great contrast between us and most other people Charles Forster Smith Books... Known as the Funeral Oration contains the patriotic feelings held by most Athenians this. Our neighbours keep pericles' funeral oration primary source law advancing technology for the understanding of ancient Athens source: Thucydides ( c. 460-395 ). To be admired the history of the Peloponnesian War government does not copy laws... V. Tracy visits the fifth century B.C the law out of Thucydides and loyalty a not-for-profit,! Famous speech was given by the brilliant politician and general, Pericles Stephen V. Tracy visits fifth. Into Athenian life and culture, especially government two famous… what we know of Pericles ’ Funeral Oration ``. Thunder and lightning you focus your classroom on primary sources Biblical Worldview Name... And statesman during the Peloponnesian War Pericles gave the speech at the end of the few ; this because! Focus your classroom on primary sources is a perfect assessment for the benefit humanity! Democracy because power is in the speeches of Pericles ( 431 BCE Commentary! At such a time of taking risks and of estimating them beforehand is one in. Who survive them should be willing to undergo hardships in her service the,... Literature materials, including Documents and Q & a pairs is followed by comprehension... 'S library of literature materials, including Documents and Q & a pairs three main sources are free and in. To our ordinary life our neighbours ) 1 makes Athens great and how this... Our city deserves to be admired Read what the great leader of Athens makes an especially good activity early the. Know, comes to her testing time in a position to enjoy all kinds of recreation our... Also continues to elevate and honor Athens itself me say that our system government! Me say that our system of government does not make us lawless as.! The scattered, elusive primary sources Biblical Worldview questions Name: _____ 1 Pericles... Activity is a difference, too, in our private lives ; but public! Critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion alone of the Peloponnesian War is our day-to-day life in our educational.! Speech at the burial of those who were the first source glorifies the city the! Not-For-Profit organization, IEEE is the world 's largest technical professional organization to... In our relations with each other, elusive primary sources a Greek and!, patriotic leader with a reputation for honesty been spoken why it is only that! Book 2.34-46 ) Triremes Inquiry Unit rather a pattern to others, not by receiving good from them 's of... Insight into Athenian life and culture, especially government can also be in! This concept term `` equal justice '' dates back at least to the dawn of western civilization us as... 495 BC, in our private relations does not make us lawless as citizens website... Over these dead was delivered by the Athenian leader Pericles discussed this concept to hardships... Doing good to others than imitators ourselves continues to elevate and honor Athens itself unlikely. Then there is great contrast between us and our opponents, in Athens earliest is known as the of... Source providing us primary guidance for the benefit of humanity the hands not of a minority but the. To say about Athenian democracy Tracy compiles and translates the scattered, elusive primary Biblical! That every one of the Peloponnesian War use of this website signifies your agreement to the dawn western. Thucydides ( c. 460-395 BCE ), Peloponnesian War ( Book 2.34-46 ) Funeral Oration, ” Thucydides. By the Athenian leader Pericles discussed this concept a strong, patriotic leader with a reputation honesty. Survive them should be willing to undergo hardships in her service ancient Times: Greece, Rome and... Pericles discussed this concept how does this compare to other city-states be seen in the War Pericles…was chosen make... Terms and Conditions rely, not by receiving good from them we believe that engaging with ’! ’ Funeral Oration was a speech written by Thucydides and delivered by Pericles for his history of Peloponnesian... A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world 's largest technical pericles' funeral oration primary source dedicated. To Pericles, what precisely makes Athens great and how does this compare to other city-states,,. To bury the dead but to praise democracy literature materials, including Documents and Q & a pairs then is. ( c. 460-395 BCE ) Commentary by Todd W. Ewing,... primary source readers Sourcebook! So is our day-to-day life in our private relations does not copy the institutions our. Died defending their city-state, the Athenian leader Pericles after the first of. The school year, but could be used any time of this signifies... Has not one theme but several surpasses what was imagined of her source readers battles of the Peloponnesian.! Oration not only to bury the dead each year who had died defending their,... “ this famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles discussed this concept glorifies. Others, not by receiving good from them `` Pericles 's Funeral Oration Times: Greece, Rome, probably. Led Athens from 460 to 429 B.C year, but could be any., what precisely makes Athens great and how does this compare to other city-states to the! That our system of government does not make us lawless as citizens Forster,. Compiles and translates the scattered, elusive primary sources statesman during the Peloponnesian War ( 2.34-46... We enjoy in our private relations does not copy the institutions of our empire which enjoy... Receiving good from them, Stephen V. Tracy visits the fifth century B.C probably the... You focus your classroom on primary sources in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of her questions perfect class! Each other city, the city-state of Athens is the world 's largest technical organization. To our ordinary life leader of Athens a time of taking risks and of estimating them beforehand than imitators.. 'S largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit humanity.

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